The A-Z Vocabulary of Sewing Equipment
Whether you’re a beginner just starting out in the world of sewing, or a seasoned pro looking to upgrade your supplies, having a good understanding of the equipment used in sewing is essential. From machines to needles, scissors to thimbles, there are a variety of tools and equipment needed to create beautiful garments, crafts, and household items. In this article, we’ll dive into the A-Z vocabulary of sewing equipment, giving you a comprehensive guide to everything you need to know.
A – Accuquilt
Accuquilt is a machine used for die cutting fabric shapes. It helps to save time and ensure precision in cutting fabric pieces for quilting projects. This equipment comes in various sizes and shapes, allowing for versatility in creating different designs.
B – Bobbin
A bobbin is a small spool that holds the lower thread in a sewing machine. As the needle goes up and down, the bobbin thread loops with the upper thread to create a stitch. It is important to have extra bobbins on hand when sewing to avoid running out in the middle of a project.
C - Cutting Mat
A cutting mat is a self-healing mat usually made of rubber or plastic. It provides a non-slip surface for cutting fabric with a rotary cutter. The mat also protects the surface beneath it from getting damaged by the razor-sharp rotary cutter blades.
D – Dressmaker’s Dummy
A dressmaker’s dummy, also known as a dress form, is a human-shaped body figure used for draping, fitting, and altering garments. It is available in different sizes and can be adjusted to match individual body measurements for a more accurate fit.
E – Embroidery Machine
An embroidery machine is a computerized machine that uses different types of stitches, designs, and patterns to create intricate designs on fabric. It is a fantastic tool for adding personal touches to clothing and home decor items.
F – Fabric Shears
Fabric shears, also known as dressmakers’ shears, are heavy-duty scissors designed for cutting fabric. They have a long blade for making long, smooth cuts, and a bent handle for easy maneuvering around the fabric.
G – Grosgrain Ribbon
Grosgrain ribbon is a type of fabric ribbon with a ribbed texture. It is commonly used for trimming clothing, bags, and curtains, as well as for other crafts and DIY projects.
H – Hand Sewing Needles
Hand sewing needles come in a variety of sizes and types for different purposes. They are used for hand stitching and sewing on buttons, adding embellishments, and making repairs. Having a variety of needles on hand is essential for any sewing project.
I – Iron and Ironing Board
An iron and ironing board are essential tools for pressing and ironing fabric while sewing. The iron helps to smooth out wrinkles, creases, and seam allowances, while the ironing board provides a flat surface for the fabric.
J – Juki Sewing Machine
A Juki sewing machine is a high-speed industrial sewing machine known for its reliability and durability. It is commonly used in factories and for heavy-duty sewing projects such as upholstery, leatherwork, and denim.
K – Knitting Needles
Knitting needles are long, pointed sticks used for hand knitting. They are available in different sizes and materials, including metal, bamboo, and plastic. Knitting needles are essential for creating knitted items such as scarves, hats, and sweaters.
L - Lint Roller
A lint roller is a tool used to remove lint, dust, and pet hair from fabrics. It consists of a handle and a sticky tape that captures lint and debris when rolled over the fabric surface.
M - Measuring Tape
A measuring tape is used to take body measurements and fabric measurements for sewing projects. It is also useful for measuring hems, seam allowances, and other dimensions when sewing.
N – Needle Threader
A needle threader is a nifty little tool used to help thread a needle, making it easier for those with visual impairments or shaky hands. It consists of a wire loop that you pass through the needle’s eye, then you insert the thread through the loop and pull it through the needle.
O - Overlocker
An overlocker, also known as a serger, is a sewing machine that trims and finishes off the edges of fabric with a serged stitch. It is commonly used to prevent fabric from fraying, giving a clean and professional finish to sewing projects.
P – Pinking Shears
Pinking shears are scissors with a zigzag edge used for cutting fabric. They are primarily used to minimize fraying and add a decorative touch to edges of seams, hems, and appliques.
Q – Quilting Machine
A quilting machine, also known as a longarm quilting machine, is a specialized sewing machine designed for quilting large quilts. It has a long arm that allows for more space to move the quilt around while stitching, making it easier to create intricate quilting designs.
R – Rotary Cutter
A rotary cutter is a handheld tool with a round, razor-sharp blade used for cutting fabric. It is an essential tool for quilters and garment makers and is especially useful when cutting through multiple layers of fabric.
S – Seam Ripper
A seam ripper is a small handheld tool used to remove stitches from fabric. It has a sharp blade that can cut through thread without damaging the fabric, making it a handy tool for fixing mistakes or reworking seams.
T - Thimble
A thimble is a small, metal or plastic cap worn on the fingertip as protection when pushing a needle through thick fabric. It helps to prevent soreness and calluses while hand sewing.
U – Universal Needle
A universal needle is a type of sewing machine needle that can be used on a variety of fabrics, including woven and knit fabrics. It is a versatile needle suitable for general sewing projects.
V – Velcro
Velcro is a hook and loop fastener used to join two pieces of fabric together. It is commonly found on clothing, bags, and other household items, making it a useful addition to any sewing project.
W – Walking Foot
A walking foot is an attachment for a sewing machine that moves the top and bottom fabric layers at the same rate, preventing shifting and puckering. It is especially useful when sewing multiple layers of fabric or quilting.
X – X-acto Knife
An X-acto knife, also known as a craft knife, is a small, sharp knife used for precision cutting in crafting projects. It can be useful for cutting intricate patterns, fabric appliques, or stencils for screen printing.
Y – Yarn
Yarn is a long continuous strand of fibers, usually made of wool or cotton, used for knitting or crocheting. It comes in a variety of colors and textures, making it a versatile material for creating all kinds of knitwear.
Z – Zipper
A zipper is a fastening device used in clothing and bags, consisting of interlocking teeth that slide up and down. Zippers come in various sizes, colors, and styles, and are essential for creating closures in garments and other items.
Having a good understanding of the vocabulary of sewing equipment is crucial for any sewing project. From basic tools like needles and scissors to specialized machines like embroidery machines and longarm quilting machines, each piece of equipment plays a vital role in the sewing process. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced sewer, having the right equipment can make all the difference in creating beautiful and professional-looking projects. So keep this A-Z vocabulary guide handy for all your sewing needs!