Sewing Terms

Sewing Terms


Sewing is a wonderful craft that allows you to ⁢create ⁤beautiful garments, home decor items, and⁣ so​ much more. However, if ⁤you’re new to sewing, you might find yourself encountering unfamiliar⁢ terms that can be⁤ confusing.⁢ This article aims ⁣to introduce‌ you to various ⁣sewing terms to help you understand⁣ and speak ⁣the language of sewing.

1. Seam Allowance

Seam allowance refers​ to the extra fabric between ⁣the ⁢ edge ‌of the fabric and the stitching line. It ​allows room for⁢ joining fabric‍ pieces and‍ creates a strong ⁣seam. The standard seam allowance is⁢ typically 5/8 inch (1.6 cm), but it can ⁢vary ⁣depending on the project.

2. Bias

Bias⁣ refers​ to a 45-degree angle ⁤across the​ grain of the fabric.​ When fabric⁤ is​ cut on the bias, it has more stretch and flexibility, making it ideal for creating ⁣curved edges, such as binding or ruffles.

3. Bobbin

A⁤ bobbin is a small spool ⁢that holds ⁣the lower thread in a sewing machine.⁤ It⁣ is placed in the bobbin case and ⁤works together with the upper thread to form⁣ stitches ⁤on the fabric. It ⁢needs to be wound with thread before use.

4.​ Zigzag Stitch

Zigzag stitch is a sewing machine ⁢stitch that creates a zigzag pattern. It is commonly used for finishing edges, preventing fraying, and sewing stretch fabrics. The width and length ‍of the stitch can be adjusted depending ⁣on your project’s requirements.

5. Hem

A hem is​ a ​finished edge of a garment or fabric piece. It is created by folding back the raw edge and stitching it in place. Hems⁤ provide a neat look and prevent the​ fabric from ​unraveling.

6. Notions

Notions are sewing supplies and accessories‍ that ‍are used in various projects. They include items like buttons, zippers,​ thread, elastic, snaps, and bias ⁢tape. Notions are essential for‍ adding functionality and‍ embellishments to your creations.

7. Selvage

Selvage, also known as selvedge, is the self-finished edge of a ‍fabric ​that ​doesn’t fray. It is created ​during the fabric’s weaving process and runs parallel to​ the fabric’s lengthwise grain. The ‍selvage is often utilized for marking the direction​ of the grainline on ‍patterns.

8. Gather

Gathering is ⁣a ⁤technique used to create⁢ controlled fullness in a fabric piece. It involves⁣ sewing two rows of stitches⁣ and then pulling the bobbin threads to ​gather the fabric. Gathering is commonly‌ used in gathering ⁢skirts, sleeves, and decorative ruffles.


By familiarizing yourself with these ⁢sewing‍ terms, you will be better equipped to follow sewing patterns,⁢ understand tutorials, and communicate effectively with other sewing enthusiasts. As⁣ you embark‌ on your sewing journey, keep exploring‍ new terms⁢ and techniques to enhance your skills and create​ amazing projects!

3 thoughts on “Sewing Terms

  1. I never knew so many sewing terms existed! #SewingTrivia

    John Thomas: Wow, I can’t believe how much information is in this post! #KnowledgeIsPower

  2. This is an awesome resource for any sewist! #SewingGoals #GetCreative
    This post is a great resource for sewists of all levels! It’s helpful to learn the common sewing terms to better understand the lingo. Plus, it helps expand your sewing horizons and helps make your projects easier to understand. #SewingMadeSimple #SewingTerms #SewWhatYouLove

  3. This post is packed with helpful information! Knowing the terms can really help take your projects to the next level! #SewingTerms #LearnMore #TakeYourSewingFurther

Comments are closed.